Jak Beardsworth Tennis logo
e-mail Jak
Jak Beardsworth Tennis

JAK'S MONTHLY ESSAY SERIES: Achieving Your Personal Best

The service toss: myths and realities

It's no surprise that the service toss is often problematic for many, even for some on the professional tours as evidenced by their not so unusual catches and redos. So, recognizing the toss as an integral part of serving well, especially since it's executed with one's non-dominant arm, should not be taken for granted.

Two-handed players could have a slight advantage since they routinely utilize their "off–hand/arm" as an active component in their backcourt game, and some at the net as well, at least in clubland. One-handed backhand players, because of the obvious lack of direct ball striking involvement, could be at a slight disadvantage.

Interestingly, just about anyone and everyone can typically execute a workable service "throwing" motion with their dominant arm without much difficulty. Even beginners. Cake.

Yet that sometimes spastic left arm (for a righty) which many of us have experienced, can also be hampered by a lack of understanding of the tosses nuanced mechanics, and is no minor matter. The toss is, and should indeed be, weighted heavily in the serving mix.

Jak Beardsworth Playing TennisJust consider that when forced to use your non-dominant arm for a simple daily off-court task you'll get quickly reminded that things can quickly become awkward sans the benefit of one's usual dominant muscle memory.

By the way frustrated servers out there, how many practice serves, which of course includes practicing one's toss, did you hit last week? And how many did you take prior to starting your last match?

Nonetheless, a full range of motion toss, that we also typically see so perfectly executed by the pros, even when well mimicked, is not the absolute singular panacea to serving success that is seemingly being fashionably hyped by so many clubbers lately. I know since on many occasions I have experienced lesson clients, who excitedly extol its alleged universal serving cure, to then drop their head like a lead weight before striking the ball.


Sure, of course you want to fully extend your tossing arm fully upward and slightly outward prior to the ball being released out of your fingertips for toss control - not by smothering the ball in the palm of your hand. And, crucially, maintaining an anatomical neutral hand-arm position, in the same position that your arm hangs naturally by your side, will be far more efficient with better results. The common, ill-fated, palm-up approach – including the aforementioned ball smothering - tends to result in the ball rolling off of your fingertips with uncontrollable spin, often sending it backwards and/or all over the place.

Being able to release the ball with little or no spin by opening your fingertips up right at the release point, instead of rolling it off, is instrumental in owning a consistently well placed toss.

But, and here's the common myth, does that impressive looking full range of motion toss, even in a better anatomical position, keep your head up and eyes on the ball for that fleeting crucial moment of optimal racket on ball contact? That's a big fat NO! On the positive side, it does trigger dropping/loading your hitting shoulder as you coil and toss, reduce uncomfortable hyperextension on your neck especially in older players, and push your front hip slightly forward for an effective kinetic chain trophy position explosion.

But let's be really clear: Once you pull the trigger and go up after the ball – with the ball positioned generally approximately as high as you can comfortably reach with your racket for the typical club player, and approximately about an arm's length in front neutrally placed not too left or right – your extended tossing arm will then appropriately drop down and fold into your body to launch and enable a clean, powerful strike of the ball.

With all that going on you must still, nonetheless - without any mythic magic elixir - labor to keep your head up and your eyes focused on the ball for your perceived best contact point – that's what you're "watching" for.

To support that necessity utilize some leg drive up and off the court through impact, initiated mostly by your front foot. In a word, jump into the shot versus being grounded – think front foot literally nailed to the court – which leads to kinetic chain interruption, resulting in undermining, premature trunk flexing that includes your head being yanked downward, taking your eyes completely off the ball.

That's looking for the return while you still have the ball. Serving blind.

In teaching and coaching hundreds of hours per year the big serving challenge for most remains - always the #1 problem exhibited by frustrated servers, including those who are otherwise good players - keeping one's head up through the fleeting contact moment. That's a fraction of a second since high speed photography shows us that a mere five-thousands of a second is how long the ball is on the racket face at best. That's the mechanical Holy Grail of serving, if there is one.

Not to be ignored, the mental skill is visualizing a "window" immediately above the net, at your ideal margin to the net, to pass the ball through to achieve the intended in-box placement. Connecting the dots if you will.

So, a good, fully extended toss, although still an important component in the serve, is not singularly responsible for being a good, consistent server. All components working sequentially are required.

Good thing we get two.

Copyright© 2020 by Jak Beardsworth Tennis. All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.

COMMENTS WELCOME: JB1tennis@comcast.net

Jak Beardsworth Tennis Home Page

Past Essays

  • March 2023 - Classic finish line failure
    [read more]
  • February 2023 - Defending the lob over your net partner – The "Switch"
    [read more]
  • December 2022 - E. I. D. - Extended Impact Duration
    [read more]
  • November 2022 - Movement Enhancement to Stay Better In-Point Connected
    [read more]
  • September 2022 - Advanced Visualization 301
    [read more]
  • August 2022 - Tennis' uniqueness: warming-up the enemy
    [read more]
  • July 2022 - Extracting Double Faults Through Receiving Positions... and more
    [read more]
  • June 2022 - Consider Serve and Volley
    [read more]
  • May 2022 - How the Toss Primes the Serve Relaxation Pump
    [read more]
  • April 2022 - Ball Watching and Science
    [read more]
  • March 2022 - Caving
    [read more]
  • February 2022 - Kenny G and Emmo
    [read more]
  • January 2022 - The Knees
    [read more]

Essay Archives

Click a year to view more essays


  • December 2021 - The Match is with You
    [read more]
  • November 2021 - The Backup Racket in Your Bag
    [read more]
  • October 2021 - Every Tennis Player Can and Should Have a Weapon
    [read more]
  • September 2021 - LEARNING NEW SKILLS: First the Process, Then the Results
    [read more]
  • August 2021 - The Challenge of Visualizing… For Some
    [read more]
  • July 2021 - Playing with both your feet and your hands
    [read more]
  • June 2021 - Finding the Range
    [read more]
  • May 2021 - The Focus
    [read more]
  • April 2021 - About Your Butt Cap
    [read more]
  • March 2021 - The Essential Forehand and Backhand
    [read more]
  • February 2021 - On Being a Doubles All-Courter
    [read more]
  • January 2021 - Same Grip Volleying Myths
    [read more]


  • December 2020 - On mechanics and style
    [read more]
  • November 2020 - THE BIG 3: The Glue That Keeps Your Best Game Together
    [read more]
  • September 2020 - Protocol and Game Tradition Revisited
    [read more]
  • August 2020 - As Good as Your 2nd Serve
    [read more]
  • July 2020 - Shot Shaping
    [read more]
  • June 2020 - Getting a Point in Jeopardy Back to Neutral
    [read more]
  • May 2020 - A Positive Mind-Set: On and Off the Court in Today's C-19 Reality
    [read more]
  • April 2020 - The Zombie Tennis Creed – Top Ten
    [read more]
  • March 2020 - A Roadmap Into "The Zone"
    [read more]
  • February 2020 - The service toss: myths and realities
    [read more]
  • January 2020 - Shot Gazing
    [read more]


  • December 2019 - The Dreaded High Bouncing Moonball Dilemma
    [read more]
  • November 2019 - Chalk Flew: Troublesome Line Calling without Hawkeye in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2019 - In the Spirit of Don't Drink and Drive… Don't Think and Hit [read more]
  • September 2019 - Old School vs New School [read more]
  • August 2019 - Getting the Ball Where You Want It [read more]
  • July 2019 - Taking Points Off…What? [read more]
  • June 2019 - Confidence Is Confidence: Take It Wherever You Can Get It [read more]
  • May 2019 - TENNIS INNOVATION IMPLODES [read more]
  • April 2019 - Defending the Court with Older Bones: A Club Player's Guide to Saying "Nice Shot" Less [read more]
  • March 2019 - Do You Have Doubles Rally Tolerance? [read more]
  • February 2019 - I Knew Jimy Van Alen: A Historical Look Back [read more]
  • January 2019 - The Mind is a Terrible Thing to Waste: Mental Toughness Skills [read more]


  • December 2018 - Less Bling is the Thing [read more]
  • November 2018 - Anatomy of a Doubles Serve Return…from the Inside Out [read more]
  • October 2018 - Older Dogs and New Tricks: Still Improving at Any Age [read more]
  • September 2018 - The All-Important Dynamic of Gripping [read more]
  • August 2018 - The Cinemascope Syndrome: Undermining Your Ball Watching [read more]
  • June 2018 - Serving and Returning Better with a Quiet Eye [read more]
  • May 2018 - The Man Who Breathed for Two [read more]
  • January 2018 - Rituals Anyone? [read more]


  • December 2017 - Why Serving is so Difficult in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2017 - Managing your body and mind in tennis space [read more]
  • August 2017 - Why Bother Breathing to Improve Your Game [read more]
  • May 2017 - The "Maintaining" One's Game as One Ages Fallacy [read more]
  • February 2017 - Punta Gorda Tennis Clubs: Setting the Bar [read more]
  • January 2017 - State of the Club Game: The Growing Death of Sportsmanship [read more]

Check back often for more essays.