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JAK'S MONTHLY ESSAY SERIES: Achieving Your Personal Best

Protocol and Game Tradition Revisited

September 20

Having been fortunate enough to be in the game we all love for a lifetime, spanning many decades, I've seen just about everything imaginable at every level, both right here in Florida, in many other states, and internationally as well. But, wherever I am or have been, I'm always simultaneously disappointed and concerned when I witness, first hand, our game's long standing protocols and traditions ignored, or worse yet, flouted.

In this day and age of animus and contentiousness all around – and as the COVID-19 threat remains among us - tennis, to so many, remains a valued refuge of civility and social connection. Being constantly cognizant of the norms of accepted on-court behavior becomes more and more relevant in such a polarized society.

Make no mistake about it, ignorance is usually the reason for the sometimes boorish on-court behavior, but that's never a viable excuse.

Sabine Lisicki shakes hands at the net with Agnieszka Radwanska after Lisicki won their women's singles semi-final match on day ten of the 2013 Wimbledon Championships tennis tournament. (GLYN KIRK/AFP via Getty Images)

When coaching junior players just starting out, I always include making them aware of tennis' rules, and unwritten rules, as an important component in learning to not only play the game, but to respect it as well.

For me, it's a responsibility equally important as developing clean ball striking.

It's the same with adult players who have come to the game later in life. These are individuals who did not grow up in the game, some of whom, often unschooled of how the game should be played, would no doubt embarrass themselves if invited for some friendly doubles by a member of that tennis cathedral, the All-England Club, or at any of the many generations old, tradition steeped clubs right here in our own country.

Nonetheless, at this juncture, my experience is that those stewarding the tennis ship – national federations, team captains, league officials, club chairpersons, players in the know, and some club pros too - sometimes fail to fully address the historical expected do's and don'ts when on court, resulting in a hodge-podge of behaviors that are often an affront to the long standing spirit of the game.

This can be especially disturbing to those players who are both aware of, and respect, tennis' traditions and protocols to the nth degree. This dynamic can, and often does, lead to a contentious atmosphere and an unfortunate undermining of sportsmanship when these two factions collide.

Sure, let's "grow the game" – the never ending mantra of the tennis industry in the U.S. since the end of the amazing boom of the 1970's – but let's do it without abandoning its valued customs, especially the civility and sportsmanship component.

So, let's begin with the pre-match warm-up - tennis' ongoing very own pandemic. We are definitely not "all in it together" to say the least. Of course, tennis is the only sport that I'm aware of where you warm-up with your opponent. Unique. But, unlike tour professional's showing and giving mutual respect, some club players immediately, combatively, selfishly start practicing winners at full pace, preventing an opponent their warm-up opportunity. That's something a professional, with far more firepower, would never do.

Picture of a tennis ball with the words Sports do not build character. They reveil it. by Heywood Broun

Thankfully, it's right there in the USTA Code of Conduct: The warm-up is not practice, it's a cooperative. That means hitting back and forth with the opponent, mostly not quite at match speed, but instead rallying back and forth, "trading" shots in a cooperative manner. Admittedly this is far more challenging, and far less efficient, when club players curiously warm-up with just 3 new balls for 4 players in the usual club doubles scenario, and, obviously, without the aid of ball kids.

Spending more time picking up balls than hitting them. Baffling. No wonder so many don't want to "waste time" warming-up. Ugh.

The smart European 4-ball can, better suited for warming-up, particularly in doubles, strangely never caught on here.

In any event, consider that the likes of the Bryan Brothers et.al. have 6 balls, have ball kids, and seldom make errors. So why do clubbers set themselves up for frustration and warm-up failure with just 3 balls? Why not two (2) cans of new balls to at least solve part of the problem?

Now, with six, there's an opportunity to start the match out in good stead as a result of a more functional warm-up to achieve a better level right off, versus typically needing an entire first set for players to find their stride.

By the way, there is no "FBI" in tennis. Totally lame. If there was a legitimate FBI then I suppose it would follow that there would be a "FRI" as well – first return in. Further, once the first point is played there are no more opportunities to warm-up further.

The match is on. Those are the rules! So, how about everyone taking some practice serves before starting play.

Making fair line calls can be another abomination. At one time, in a land long ago, the ball was called good whenever the player making the call was in doubt. Doubt went in the opponent's favor. That has devolved into, in far too many instances, "when in doubt call it out," which actually was a tongue-and-cheek comment made in that same long ago land mocking those who seemed to always take the point whenever in doubt on a close call.

Unfortunately, these days there are those who fail to get the true spirit of competition.

These folks are so consumed with winning – even in friendlies - that their brains play tricks on their eyes. They don't need corrective eyewear. They need personal counseling.

And what about footwear on our – hopefully - beautifully groomed clay courts?

Tennis playgers shake hands after a tennis matchWe are especially fortunate that we here in Florida, and other places as well, have an abundance of these forgiving on the body courts. However, clay courts are maintenance intensive – especially in heavy periods of rain - and the only good clay court is a well maintained one. Yet, I routinely observe players wearing improper footwear such as running shoes, cross trainers, and even some hard court tennis specific kicks - all of which feature outsoles that would pass for snow tire treads, good for a Maine winter, that rip up the top dressing, cause divots and scars, and ultimately, over time, result in the loss of a consistently true bounce… on one's own club courts no less.

Clay court specific footwear is readily available at your local tennis shop where you can get a proper fit – such as Wrigley's Tennis in Punta Gorda, Florida – or you can go online if a top notch shop is not available in your locale. They feature a less intrusive tread pattern that not only does not damage the surface, but also provide surer footing and tennis specific support as well.

Finally, I could write a book just on these aforementioned issues along with a few more.

Examples like properly returning errant balls to an adjacent court by waiting 'till their point is over, sending a ball without aggression to the server in need, not hindering opponents with verbalizations just as they are about to strike their shot, time between point issues, changeover time violations, repairing any major court divots you made, settling score disagreements, obsessively looking to call foot faults on 40 mph serves, volunteering "not-ups," and annoyingly practice returning obviously out first serves which hinders the server's rhythm and disrupts game flow.

Wait, I forgot to include in all of that on-court comportment review calling the score out prior to the start of each point.

That's the server's responsibility, not that someone else cannot chime in as well to keep order. Those scoring disagreements start when no one is bothering to call it, then after a number of points have been played mass confusion begins, especially among those old enough to recognize the name Roy Emerson.

So yes, there's quite a bit to it, but if everyone who loves playing the game would make it a point to get on the same page as addressed in these basics, we'd all have a better, and a more fulfilling experience, including those who may not actually play the game but who dedicatedly take care of, repair and maintain, our precious clay playing surfaces.

How about considering celebrating our game's uniqueness every time out on the court, including appreciating everyone's hard earned, relative skill development regardless of their official NTRP level, its obvious health benefits, and its special social component by truly respecting not only its traditions and protocols, but your opponents and yourself too.

Regardless of match outcomes, official or otherwise, let's make all our tennis experiences win-wins.

Copyright© 2020 by Jak Beardsworth Tennis. All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.

COMMENTS WELCOME: JB1tennis@comcast.net

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Past Essays

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  • April 2024 - Coulda, shoulda got that: The Art of Poaching
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  • March 2024 - Get Your JuJu On
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  • February 2024 - Giving Opponents too Much Respect
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  • January 2024 - Rally Ball Or Pull The Trigger
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  • December 2023 - The Forgotten Stop Volley
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  • November 2023 - "You're Only as Good as Your Second Serve"
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  • October 2023 - good misses vs bad misses
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  • September 2023 - Why good players are good players!
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  • August 2023 - On poaching and fake poaching: Becoming a Force at the Net in Doubles
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  • July 2023 - The Beautiful Game is Getting Ugly
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  • June 2023 - The Approach Dropper: Lob Killer
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  • May 2023 - Why club players don't practice
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Essay Archives

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  • February 2023 - Defending the lob over your net partner - The "Switch"
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  • December 2022 - E. I. D. - Extended Impact Duration
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  • June 2022 - Consider Serve and Volley
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  • May 2022 - How the Toss Primes the Serve Relaxation Pump
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  • April 2022 - Ball Watching and Science
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  • March 2022 - Caving
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  • February 2022 - Kenny G and Emmo
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  • January 2022 - The Knees
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  • December 2021 - The Match is with You
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  • October 2021 - Every Tennis Player Can and Should Have a Weapon
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  • September 2021 - LEARNING NEW SKILLS: First the Process, Then the Results
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  • July 2021 - Playing with both your feet and your hands
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  • May 2021 - The Focus
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  • April 2021 - About Your Butt Cap
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  • February 2021 - On Being a Doubles All-Courter
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  • January 2021 - Same Grip Volleying Myths
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  • December 2020 - On mechanics and style
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  • November 2020 - THE BIG 3: The Glue That Keeps Your Best Game Together
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  • September 2020 - Protocol and Game Tradition Revisited
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  • August 2020 - As Good as Your 2nd Serve
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  • July 2020 - Shot Shaping
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  • June 2020 - Getting a Point in Jeopardy Back to Neutral
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  • May 2020 - A Positive Mind-Set: On and Off the Court in Today's C-19 Reality
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  • March 2020 - A Roadmap Into "The Zone"
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  • February 2020 - The service toss: myths and realities
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  • January 2020 - Shot Gazing
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  • October 2019 - In the Spirit of Don't Drink and Drive… Don't Think and Hit [read more]
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  • August 2019 - Getting the Ball Where You Want It [read more]
  • July 2019 - Taking Points Off…What? [read more]
  • June 2019 - Confidence Is Confidence: Take It Wherever You Can Get It [read more]
  • May 2019 - TENNIS INNOVATION IMPLODES [read more]
  • April 2019 - Defending the Court with Older Bones: A Club Player's Guide to Saying "Nice Shot" Less [read more]
  • March 2019 - Do You Have Doubles Rally Tolerance? [read more]
  • February 2019 - I Knew Jimy Van Alen: A Historical Look Back [read more]
  • January 2019 - The Mind is a Terrible Thing to Waste: Mental Toughness Skills [read more]


  • December 2018 - Less Bling is the Thing [read more]
  • November 2018 - Anatomy of a Doubles Serve Return…from the Inside Out [read more]
  • October 2018 - Older Dogs and New Tricks: Still Improving at Any Age [read more]
  • September 2018 - The All-Important Dynamic of Gripping [read more]
  • August 2018 - The Cinemascope Syndrome: Undermining Your Ball Watching [read more]
  • June 2018 - Serving and Returning Better with a Quiet Eye [read more]
  • May 2018 - The Man Who Breathed for Two [read more]
  • January 2018 - Rituals Anyone? [read more]


  • December 2017 - Why Serving is so Difficult in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2017 - Managing your body and mind in tennis space [read more]
  • August 2017 - Why Bother Breathing to Improve Your Game [read more]
  • May 2017 - The "Maintaining" One's Game as One Ages Fallacy [read more]
  • February 2017 - Punta Gorda Tennis Clubs: Setting the Bar [read more]
  • January 2017 - State of the Club Game: The Growing Death of Sportsmanship [read more]

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