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JAK'S MONTHLY ESSAY SERIES: Achieving Your Personal Best

THE BIG 3: The Glue That Keeps Your Best Game Together

November 2020

The title of my first book, More Than Just the Strokes (2005), is still literally true. It is indeed more than just ball striking mechanics or technique. After teaching, coaching, and competing in the game for decades - including working with some of the best teachers and coaches in the world - playing your best tennis consistently is no doubt more than just ball striking, footwork, and all the rest. Those components are, of course, an integral part of your best game mix, but they become limited in the solid game big picture without, as I refer to them, The Big 3.

So, what are The Big 3:

  1. 100% focused ball tracking
  2. Crystal clear intended shot visualization
  3. Synchronized ball striking breathing

You absolutely will not be able to reliably dial-in all those hard earned skills that you've acquired, along with your best performances, without them. No way. Not happening. You may think you've got it happening. It's not, and you will not be getting the most out of your game potential.

Collectively, these game management essentials are the super glue that keeps your game firing on all cylinders, all the time, to the best of your ability.

Djokovic playing tennisFor me, it's amazing that so many club players today, in the year 2020, have not bought into these necessary "quarterbacking" skills to the nth degree every time out on the court, or, worse, are often completely unaware of this aspect of maximizing one's game.

I challenge anyone to name one player that you've seen, and heard, on The Tennis Channel or ESPN, or better yet live at a tournament venue here in Florida (Miami Open, Delray Beach Open) or elsewhere, who is not obviously a great ball tracker (you can see how still their heads remain at contact to facilitate great ball watching), a dedicated visualizer (you can see that too in effective, safe margin shot selection choices), and an audible breather (that you can readily hear). You cannot.

This aspect of the game was first brought to our collective attention in 1974 with Tim Gallwey's seminal work, The Inner Game of Tennis, which focused mostly on your just-do-it mind (apparently Nike was on to something too) versus your judgmental mind (Self 1 vs Self 2). By the mid-80s Dr. Jim Loehr followed with a comprehensive how-to book, Mental Toughness Training. Out of it, and other offerings, he gets singular credit for coining the phrase "mental toughness," now ubiquitous in all sports and constantly referred to by the most successful in interviews. His program was a product of his successful pioneering work first with club players just like you, and from there many professional players as well, and remains the founding gold standard on tour today.

"Jim Loehr is the most important person in tennis today." – offered up by the legendary Arthur Ashe at that time.

Federer Vs Murray at Wimbledon

Yet, here we are in 2020 Clubland with so many motivated players disproportionately focused exclusively on forehands, backhands, serves, overheads, and volleys. Ball striking only. Mechanics, mechanics, and more mechanics. A headless horseman.

Where's the management of these skills? Some individuals are more instinctive than others, nevertheless, everyone can benefit and raise their level almost immediately with this whole body approach.

Heck, Leonardo daVinci himself could have been a heady tennis player since he recognized one aspect of the Big 3 with this thought: "Those who fall in love with practice [endless ball striking] without science [mental skills] are like a sailor who enters a ship without a helm or compass, and who can never be certain whither he is going."

Random success is possible. Some, a few gifted ones, are more predisposed to these aforementioned skills, but it'll always be an uncertain crap shoot without being a great game manager. I know from first-hand experience in my less enlightened up and down playing days.

Superb game management does indeed require a helm and a compass:

  1. Ball-tracking or watching-the-ball: That means following an incoming ball all the way into your contact point, then, without looking up prematurely (see Roger Federer), recapturing your own shot's flight path as the ball travels across the net into an opponent's point of contact.
  2. Visualizing in the midst of an ongoing point means thinking in pictures, imagining (imagery) successful outcomes, versus consciously worrying about failure and perfect technique. It's "seeing" precisely what your shot intentions are in your mind's-eye, including both direction and margin over the net. Thinking analytically during a point literally makes tracking the ball really well nearly impossible – right-left brain hemispheric conflict. That's how your brain works on court in point.
  3. Most club players are "breath-holders" at the moment of shot impact. These silent swingers trigger undermining, excessive, inefficient muscle tension. Identify and utilize your own signature exhalation sound or grunt - you don't have to be loud and obnoxious. Grunt is not a dirty word. It's defined as "a deep throaty sound" - the same sound you would automatically make when struggling to open a stuck window - that syncs with the racket-on-ball impact. Ideally, it's sustained all the way through a decelerating follow through. Note:Iit's preceded by an equally important full inhalation just prior to contact.

So why on Earth do players especially resist this latter Big 3 component? I suspect they are self-conscious about doing it. I had one player recently mention to me, "I feel foolish trying to sound like a pro on TV." That's wholeheartedly buying into wanting to look like those players, but not sounding/breathing like them. Unfortunate and counter-productive, especially since anyone observing you play, who really knows the game, will respect and be impressed by the fact that you're breathing audibly. Sure, it's definitely counter intuitive to human nature under flying yellow ball stress, but not learning to embrace it leads to one being predisposed to choking (can't breathe) particularly in the big moments.

Going forward, try putting the never ending techno mumbo jumbo overreliance on too much technique –dutifully schooled to you out of an obvious necessity by coaches - on the back burner in the midst of a point?

Caroline Wozniacki playing tennis In your next on-court practice session, friendly doubles, or, dare I say, in an official match, try making executing the Big 3 as your main focus, while simultaneously monitoring your physical game kinesthetically - a sensory awareness of your moving body parts without thinking about them.

After all, when its show time, the game you've arrived with is the game you've arrived with. Too late for any distracting, overwrought technical considerations or changes.

Manage and support the skills you already have with The Big 3. Settle to the task. Keep your nerve.

Copyright© 2020 by Jak Beardsworth Tennis. All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.

COMMENTS WELCOME: JB1tennis@comcast.net

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Past Essays

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  • April 2024 - Coulda, shoulda got that: The Art of Poaching
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  • March 2024 - Get Your JuJu On
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  • February 2024 - Giving Opponents too Much Respect
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  • January 2024 - Rally Ball Or Pull The Trigger
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  • December 2023 - The Forgotten Stop Volley
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  • November 2023 - "You're Only as Good as Your Second Serve"
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  • October 2023 - good misses vs bad misses
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  • September 2023 - Why good players are good players!
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  • August 2023 - On poaching and fake poaching: Becoming a Force at the Net in Doubles
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  • July 2023 - The Beautiful Game is Getting Ugly
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  • June 2023 - The Approach Dropper: Lob Killer
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  • May 2023 - Why club players don't practice
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Essay Archives

Click a year to view more essays


  • April 2023 - DON'T FIGHT TIGHT
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  • March 2023 - Classic finish line failure
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  • February 2023 - Defending the lob over your net partner - The "Switch"
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  • December 2022 - E. I. D. - Extended Impact Duration
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  • November 2022 - Movement Enhancement to Stay Better In-Point Connected
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  • September 2022 - Advanced Visualization 301
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  • August 2022 - Tennis' uniqueness: warming-up the enemy
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  • July 2022 - Extracting Double Faults Through Receiving Positions... and more
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  • June 2022 - Consider Serve and Volley
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  • May 2022 - How the Toss Primes the Serve Relaxation Pump
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  • April 2022 - Ball Watching and Science
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  • March 2022 - Caving
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  • February 2022 - Kenny G and Emmo
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  • January 2022 - The Knees
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  • December 2021 - The Match is with You
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  • November 2021 - The Backup Racket in Your Bag
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  • October 2021 - Every Tennis Player Can and Should Have a Weapon
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  • September 2021 - LEARNING NEW SKILLS: First the Process, Then the Results
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  • August 2021 - The Challenge of Visualizing… For Some
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  • July 2021 - Playing with both your feet and your hands
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  • June 2021 - Finding the Range
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  • May 2021 - The Focus
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  • April 2021 - About Your Butt Cap
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  • March 2021 - The Essential Forehand and Backhand
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  • February 2021 - On Being a Doubles All-Courter
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  • January 2021 - Same Grip Volleying Myths
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  • December 2020 - On mechanics and style
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  • November 2020 - THE BIG 3: The Glue That Keeps Your Best Game Together
    [read more]
  • September 2020 - Protocol and Game Tradition Revisited
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  • August 2020 - As Good as Your 2nd Serve
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  • July 2020 - Shot Shaping
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  • June 2020 - Getting a Point in Jeopardy Back to Neutral
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  • May 2020 - A Positive Mind-Set: On and Off the Court in Today's C-19 Reality
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  • April 2020 - The Zombie Tennis Creed – Top Ten
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  • March 2020 - A Roadmap Into "The Zone"
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  • February 2020 - The service toss: myths and realities
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  • January 2020 - Shot Gazing
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  • December 2019 - The Dreaded High Bouncing Moonball Dilemma
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  • November 2019 - Chalk Flew: Troublesome Line Calling without Hawkeye in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2019 - In the Spirit of Don't Drink and Drive… Don't Think and Hit [read more]
  • September 2019 - Old School vs New School [read more]
  • August 2019 - Getting the Ball Where You Want It [read more]
  • July 2019 - Taking Points Off…What? [read more]
  • June 2019 - Confidence Is Confidence: Take It Wherever You Can Get It [read more]
  • May 2019 - TENNIS INNOVATION IMPLODES [read more]
  • April 2019 - Defending the Court with Older Bones: A Club Player's Guide to Saying "Nice Shot" Less [read more]
  • March 2019 - Do You Have Doubles Rally Tolerance? [read more]
  • February 2019 - I Knew Jimy Van Alen: A Historical Look Back [read more]
  • January 2019 - The Mind is a Terrible Thing to Waste: Mental Toughness Skills [read more]


  • December 2018 - Less Bling is the Thing [read more]
  • November 2018 - Anatomy of a Doubles Serve Return…from the Inside Out [read more]
  • October 2018 - Older Dogs and New Tricks: Still Improving at Any Age [read more]
  • September 2018 - The All-Important Dynamic of Gripping [read more]
  • August 2018 - The Cinemascope Syndrome: Undermining Your Ball Watching [read more]
  • June 2018 - Serving and Returning Better with a Quiet Eye [read more]
  • May 2018 - The Man Who Breathed for Two [read more]
  • January 2018 - Rituals Anyone? [read more]


  • December 2017 - Why Serving is so Difficult in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2017 - Managing your body and mind in tennis space [read more]
  • August 2017 - Why Bother Breathing to Improve Your Game [read more]
  • May 2017 - The "Maintaining" One's Game as One Ages Fallacy [read more]
  • February 2017 - Punta Gorda Tennis Clubs: Setting the Bar [read more]
  • January 2017 - State of the Club Game: The Growing Death of Sportsmanship [read more]

Check back often for more essays.