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JAK'S MONTHLY ESSAY SERIES: Achieving Your Personal Best


That game axiom has been credited to Hall of Famer, and professional game innovator, Jack Kramer, for tennis eons now. Probably a name not recognizable to players, but legend to those who began playing many years ago.

This 2nd serve view remains alive and well today, not only an obvious necessity on the pro tour, but in a more mortal Clubland as well.

Jack Kramer on the courtKramer, who attended Rollins College in nearby Winter Park, Florida for a couple of years before joining the Coast Guard in WWII, went on to become the world #1 in the post war era. When not wearing his tennis whites, or "cremes" as off-whites were known then (the most "color" allowed), he was also the Founding Father of the men's pro tour as we know it today. It was a fledgling drive all night, city to city barnstorming affair played on a makeshift portable court that was transported all over the country to mostly small venues back then in its beginnings. A cash poor player rebellion against the blue blazered, elitist shamateurism of the day. A sport's servitude on the cheap, much like earlier Olympics, with meager under the table cash payments to only cover expenses, with a bit more for players with more star power. Players like the great Pancho Gonzales and the Aussie Lew Hoad were, and all the others too, were then banned from the Majors and all regular tour events.

In those times, being a truly professional tennis player also often meant having to often securing a club or hotel gig "to support their playing habit," as the late, brilliant teacher of the game, Don Henson, once observed to me.

On court Kramer was the first world class player to feature "The Big Game" as it was referred to back then, serving and volleying on every point, even on 2nd serves. His honed 2nd was extremely effective – an "American twist" as it was known at the time - and was a different kind of trouble for opponents than his first, featuring a fusion of power, spin, and a high bounce, all of which gave him sufficient time to close into a good first volley court position, and immediately get on top of the point.

The Jack Kramer Autograph tennis racketThose of you old enough to recognize his name, also no doubt played at one time or another with his iconic Wilson Jack Kramer Autograph - as I did in my college days when we also served and volleyed on the 2nd – a hefty wooden beast that would be considered an unyielding "war club" compared to today's hi-tech, hi-speed sticks. That's where the expression, "putting the wood on you," came into being when one player was dominating another.

His overall business savvy - besides getting his players finally paid legitimately over the table - was also shrewd enough to parlay a deal with the stingy Wilson Sporting Goods Company to receive a royalty for each namesake racket sold - one that also led the way for some of today's player lucrative endorsement deals - in lieu of a comparatively paltry one-time lump sum payment. By 1975, just prior to the metals and new graphites gobbling up the tennis boom market, that was worth a previously unheard of $160,000 a year. Factoring in inflation, it would be equal to approximately $750,000 in today's dollars. The "king's crown" logo featured on that racket, and Wilson apparel as well, became so entrenched it would be analogous to today's Nike swoosh in ubiquity.

Back to your serve, what can you do to realize the Kramer axiom, and own a reliable and formidable bending – "topspin" versus flat or slice - 2nd serve?

First, if you're serious about your game, you're going to need one since making just 50% of your mostly flat first serves represents a pretty good day. Being limited by having one of those "grandma" or "grandpa" tap in flat, no pace second serves on the other points creates a serious advantage receiver dynamic, and, with that serve being easily taken advantage of, can in turn have a negative effect on your entire game. Factor in your double's net partner getting pummeled by a big hitting returner targeting them, or lobbed over with ease by some of those same light hitting grandmas and grandpas on the receiving end, is still another downside.

Those weak serves remind me of an old Irish proverb: "Don't bolt the door with a boiled carrot."

Holding serve can potentially become problematic when first learning a spin serve. Why? Because most give up quickly trying to incorporate it into their game, typically because of naively thinking they could adapt all the new components in one fell swoop in match play. Not so. Well intentioned and ambitious, but without the required out of match practice it's not going to happen since immediately implementing it as their 2nd then usually results in one becoming a double fault machine.

Slow incremental change, with the required practice, is recommended and absolutely necessary.

When first introducing it into friendly match play - they're all "friendlies" in the Covid-19 pandemic - use it on 1st serve only where you can avoid undermining double fault pressure. Expecting immediate positive results when using on your 2nd – as ultimately intended – will be very discouraging and frustrating in the beginning.

Ball Tosses and ServesAn altered grip to change the impact racket face and facilitate wrist action, toss placement slightly left (righties) and less in front of your norm, swing speed at least equal to your 1st serve, a racket path that hits up on the ball at approximately the 1:00 position, and visualizing a rainbow arcing ball flight that creates safe and forgiving margins over the net resulting in a higher bounce in the box, are the main components.

Not exactly pressing the "Easy Button."

As you can quickly surmise, you're probably going to need a coach's help to sort it out. The good news is that you do not necessarily have to develop the aforementioned, exacting old school "American twist" version, known in today's lexicon as a "kicker," to realize an effective spin serve. Let's leave that for the best of the best in Clubland, the more game improvement dedicated and physically flexible among us. A basic spin serve will get the job done, and immediately gain you entrance into a higher level of play.
Kramer's advice rings true.

So, the question is, how good is your 2nd serve currently? If it's not one that you're able to maintain 1st serve swing speed with, feature a high trajectory flight over the net that has enough spin to give gravity a boost – note: air pressure above the ball greater than that below the ball with serve spin - and then bounce up into a receiver's high strike zone, your service game will always be limited.

It can be achieved, a version of the Nike slogan being apropo:  Just Learn to Just Do It.

How to Grip a Tennis Racket

Copyright© 2020 by Jak Beardsworth Tennis. All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form.

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Past Essays

  • December 2023 - The Forgotten Stop Volley
    [read more]
  • November 2023 - "You're Only as Good as Your Second Serve"
    [read more]
  • October 2023 - good misses vs bad misses
    [read more]
  • September 2023 - Why good players are good players!
    [read more]
  • August 2023 - On poaching and fake poaching: Becoming a Force at the Net in Doubles
    [read more]
  • July 2023 - The Beautiful Game is Getting Ugly
    [read more]
  • June 2023 - The Approach Dropper: Lob Killer
    [read more]
  • May 2023 - Why club players don't practice
    [read more]
  • April 2023 - DON'T FIGHT TIGHT
    [read more]
  • March 2023 - Classic finish line failure
    [read more]
  • February 2023 - Defending the lob over your net partner - The "Switch"
    [read more]

Essay Archives

Click a year to view more essays


  • December 2022 - E. I. D. - Extended Impact Duration
    [read more]
  • November 2022 - Movement Enhancement to Stay Better In-Point Connected
    [read more]
  • September 2022 - Advanced Visualization 301
    [read more]
  • August 2022 - Tennis' uniqueness: warming-up the enemy
    [read more]
  • July 2022 - Extracting Double Faults Through Receiving Positions... and more
    [read more]
  • June 2022 - Consider Serve and Volley
    [read more]
  • May 2022 - How the Toss Primes the Serve Relaxation Pump
    [read more]
  • April 2022 - Ball Watching and Science
    [read more]
  • March 2022 - Caving
    [read more]
  • February 2022 - Kenny G and Emmo
    [read more]
  • January 2022 - The Knees
    [read more]


  • December 2021 - The Match is with You
    [read more]
  • November 2021 - The Backup Racket in Your Bag
    [read more]
  • October 2021 - Every Tennis Player Can and Should Have a Weapon
    [read more]
  • September 2021 - LEARNING NEW SKILLS: First the Process, Then the Results
    [read more]
  • August 2021 - The Challenge of Visualizing… For Some
    [read more]
  • July 2021 - Playing with both your feet and your hands
    [read more]
  • June 2021 - Finding the Range
    [read more]
  • May 2021 - The Focus
    [read more]
  • April 2021 - About Your Butt Cap
    [read more]
  • March 2021 - The Essential Forehand and Backhand
    [read more]
  • February 2021 - On Being a Doubles All-Courter
    [read more]
  • January 2021 - Same Grip Volleying Myths
    [read more]


  • December 2020 - On mechanics and style
    [read more]
  • November 2020 - THE BIG 3: The Glue That Keeps Your Best Game Together
    [read more]
  • September 2020 - Protocol and Game Tradition Revisited
    [read more]
  • August 2020 - As Good as Your 2nd Serve
    [read more]
  • July 2020 - Shot Shaping
    [read more]
  • June 2020 - Getting a Point in Jeopardy Back to Neutral
    [read more]
  • May 2020 - A Positive Mind-Set: On and Off the Court in Today's C-19 Reality
    [read more]
  • April 2020 - The Zombie Tennis Creed – Top Ten
    [read more]
  • March 2020 - A Roadmap Into "The Zone"
    [read more]
  • February 2020 - The service toss: myths and realities
    [read more]
  • January 2020 - Shot Gazing
    [read more]


  • December 2019 - The Dreaded High Bouncing Moonball Dilemma
    [read more]
  • November 2019 - Chalk Flew: Troublesome Line Calling without Hawkeye in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2019 - In the Spirit of Don't Drink and Drive… Don't Think and Hit [read more]
  • September 2019 - Old School vs New School [read more]
  • August 2019 - Getting the Ball Where You Want It [read more]
  • July 2019 - Taking Points Off…What? [read more]
  • June 2019 - Confidence Is Confidence: Take It Wherever You Can Get It [read more]
  • May 2019 - TENNIS INNOVATION IMPLODES [read more]
  • April 2019 - Defending the Court with Older Bones: A Club Player's Guide to Saying "Nice Shot" Less [read more]
  • March 2019 - Do You Have Doubles Rally Tolerance? [read more]
  • February 2019 - I Knew Jimy Van Alen: A Historical Look Back [read more]
  • January 2019 - The Mind is a Terrible Thing to Waste: Mental Toughness Skills [read more]


  • December 2018 - Less Bling is the Thing [read more]
  • November 2018 - Anatomy of a Doubles Serve Return…from the Inside Out [read more]
  • October 2018 - Older Dogs and New Tricks: Still Improving at Any Age [read more]
  • September 2018 - The All-Important Dynamic of Gripping [read more]
  • August 2018 - The Cinemascope Syndrome: Undermining Your Ball Watching [read more]
  • June 2018 - Serving and Returning Better with a Quiet Eye [read more]
  • May 2018 - The Man Who Breathed for Two [read more]
  • January 2018 - Rituals Anyone? [read more]


  • December 2017 - Why Serving is so Difficult in Clubland [read more]
  • October 2017 - Managing your body and mind in tennis space [read more]
  • August 2017 - Why Bother Breathing to Improve Your Game [read more]
  • May 2017 - The "Maintaining" One's Game as One Ages Fallacy [read more]
  • February 2017 - Punta Gorda Tennis Clubs: Setting the Bar [read more]
  • January 2017 - State of the Club Game: The Growing Death of Sportsmanship [read more]

Check back often for more essays.